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South Carolina ‘Personhood’ Act (S 217)

This law was last updated on Dec 19, 2018

This law is Anti–Choice


South Carolina


S 217


Failed to Pass


Jan 10, 2017


Co-sponsors: 18
Primary Sponsors: 1
Total Sponsors: 19



Full Bill Text

S 217 would amend the South Carolina Constitution to define “personhood” as beginning at the moment of fertilization.

S 217 states that “[t]he right to life for each born and preborn human being vests at fertilization,” and that “[t]he rights guaranteed by Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution of this State, that no person shall be deprived of life without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws, vest at fertilization for each born and preborn human being.”

If passed, it would also give full constitutional rights to fertilized eggs, embryos, and fetuses, and would ban abortion, birth control pills, IUDs, and emergency contraception. In addition, it would eliminate certain medical choices for women, including some cancer treatments and in vitro fertilization, and might lead to investigation and prosecution of women who miscarry to determine if their own actions caused the death of the fetus.

Related Legislation

Companion bill to H 3530.

This bill is similar to six bills that were introduced and failed to pass in previous legislative sessions: S 129H 3584H 3323S 83S 87, and S 457.