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‘Personhood’ Act of South Carolina (S 457)

This law was last updated on Apr 25, 2016


South Carolina


S 457


Failed to Pass


Feb 28, 2013


Primary Sponsors: 1
Co-sponsors: 21
Total Sponsors: 22



Full Bill Text

S 457 would amend the South Carolina Constitution to define “personhood” as beginning at the moment of fertilization. It would give full constitutional rights to fertilized eggs, embryos, and fetuses, and would ban abortion, birth control pills, IUDs, and emergency contraception. In addition, it would eliminate certain medical choices for women, including some cancer treatments and in vitro fertilization, and might lead to the investigation and prosecution of women who miscarry to determine if their own actions caused the death of the fetus.

S 457 states that “[t]he right to life for each born and preborn human being vests at fertilization,” and that “[t]he rights guaranteed by Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution of this State, that no person shall be deprived of life without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws, vest at fertilization for each born and preborn human person.”

The bill also states that “[t]he General Assembly acknowledges personhood is God-given, as all men are created in the image of God” and therefore raises first amendment issues regarding the establishment of religion.


This bill died in committee. It is nearly identical to four other bills introduced in 2013—H 3323S 83, S 87, H 3584—all of which died in committee.