Alabama ‘Human Life Protection Act’ (HB 314)
This law was last updated on Oct 29, 2019
HB 314 would make abortion and attempted abortion felony offenses except in cases when it’s necessary to prevent a serious health risk to the pregnant person.
The bill defines “serious health risk” to mean when a pregnant person has a condition that necessitates an abortion to avert their death or to avert serious risk of substantial physical impairment of a major bodily function.
If a physician determines an abortion is necessary due to a medical emergency, a second physician would need to provide confirmation of the determination within 180 days after the abortion is completed.
An abortion performed in violation of this act would be a Class A felony—punishable by 10 years to life in prison.
An attempted abortion performed in violation of this act would be a Class C felony—punishable by one to 10 years in prison.
Companion bill to SB 211.
4/2/19 – Introduced; referred to House Judiciary Committee.
4/30/19 – Passed the House by a 74-3 vote.
5/8/19 – Amended to include an exception for pregnancies that are the result of rape or incest; passed Senate Judiciary Committee (7-2).
5/9/19 – Amendment stripped.
5/14/19 – Passed the Senate by a 25-6 vote.
5/15/19 – Signed into law by Republican Gov. Kay Ivey.
10/29/19 – Preliminary injunction blocking the law issued