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Alabama ‘Human Life Protection Act’ (HB 314)

This law was last updated on Oct 29, 2019

This law is Anti–Choice




HB 314




Apr 2, 2019


Primary Sponsors: 1
Total Sponsors: 1


Fetal Homicide, Personhood

Full Bill Text

HB 314 would make abortion and attempted abortion felony offenses except in cases when it’s necessary to prevent a serious health risk to the pregnant person.

The bill defines “serious health risk” to mean when a pregnant person has a condition that necessitates an abortion to avert their death or to avert serious risk of substantial physical impairment of a major bodily function.

If a physician determines an abortion is necessary due to a medical emergency, a second physician would need to provide confirmation of the determination within 180 days after the abortion is completed.

An abortion performed in violation of this act would be a Class A felony—punishable by 10 years to life in prison.

An attempted abortion performed in violation of this act would be a Class C felony—punishable by one to 10 years in prison.

Related Legislation

Companion bill to SB 211.

Latest Action

4/2/19 – Introduced; referred to House Judiciary Committee.

4/30/19 – Passed the House by a 74-3 vote.

5/8/19 – Amended to include an exception for pregnancies that are the result of rape or incest; passed Senate Judiciary Committee (7-2).

5/9/19 – Amendment stripped.

5/14/19 – Passed the Senate by a 25-6 vote.

5/15/19 – Signed into law by Republican Gov. Kay Ivey.

10/29/19 – Preliminary injunction blocking the law issued


Primary Sponsor

Legal Cases