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South Carolina “Personhood” Act (S 129)

This law was last updated on Oct 7, 2016

This law is Anti–Choice


South Carolina


S 129


Failed to Pass


Dec 3, 2014


Primary Sponsors: 2
Total Sponsors: 2



Full Bill Text

S 129 would amend the South Carolina Constitution to define “personhood” as beginning at the moment of fertilization. It would also give full constitutional rights to fertilized eggs, embryos, and fetuses, and would ban abortion, birth control pills, IUDs, and emergency contraception. In addition, it would eliminate certain medical choices for women, including some cancer treatments and in vitro fertilization, and might lead to investigation and prosecution of women who miscarry to determine if their own actions caused the death of the fetus.

S 129 states that “[t]he right to life for each born and preborn human being vests at fertilization,” and that “[t]he rights guaranteed by Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution of this State, that no person shall be deprived of life without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws, vest at fertilization for each born and preborn human person.”


This bill is similar to five bills that were introduced and failed to pass in 2013: H 3584H 3323, S 83S 87, and S 457.