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Ohio Human Heartbeat Protection Act (SB 297)

This law was last updated on Sep 10, 2018


State

Ohio

Number

SB 297

Status

Failed to Pass

Proposed

Mar 13, 2014

Sponsors

Co-sponsors: 1
Primary Sponsors: 1
Total Sponsors: 2

Topics

Heartbeat Bans

Full Bill Text

www.legislature.state.oh.us

SB 297 would have required that an abortion provider attempt to detect a fetal heartbeat using “standard medical practice” prior to an abortion. The bill would have prohibited abortion if a fetal heartbeat is detected, unless there is a medical emergency, and an abortion is necessary to prevent the death of a pregnant woman or to prevent a serious risk of the substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function of the pregnant woman. The bill would have provided no exception for rape or incest.

A fetal heartbeat can be detected as early as six weeks of pregnancy—two weeks after a woman’s first missed period—and well before many women even realize that they are pregnant.

Vaginal ultrasounds would not have been required to detect a fetal heartbeat: The bill states that the director of health shall adopt rules relating to the appropriate methods for performing an exam to determine the presence of a fetal heartbeat, and that those rules “shall require only that an examination shall be performed externally.”

If a fetal heartbeat is detected, the bill would have required the abortion provider to:
(1) inform the woman that the “unborn child” has a fetal heartbeat;
(2) provide information regarding statistical probability of bringing the “unborn child” to term based on its gestational age;
(3) obtain a signed form acknowledging that the woman has been provided this information;
(4) wait at least 24 hours before performing an abortion.


Related Legislation

Similar to HB 248.


People

Co-sponsor

Primary Sponsor