Ohio Bill Regarding Medication Abortion Restrictions (HB 255)
This law was last updated on Nov 19, 2018
HB 255 would amend Ohio’s law regulating medication abortion (Ohio Rev. Code § 2919.123)
Current law prohibits dispensing of RU-486 by anyone other than a physician and requires that the physician comply with all legal requirements that govern the use of RU-486. HB 255 replaces “RU-486” with the term “abortion-inducing drug,” so that the bill would cover all abortion-inducing drugs, not just RU-486.
The bill would amend existing law to require that the physician to do the following prior to the administration of the drug:
- Performs a physical examination of the patient to determine whether the fetus is attached to the placenta in the woman’s uterus;
- Documents in the patient’s medical record the gestational age of the fetus; and whether there is an ectopic pregnancy; and
- Provides the patient with a copy of the abortion-inducing drug label;
- Provide the patient with the name and telephone number of the physician who has agreed to provide emergency care as required by law;
The physician would be required to administer the drug in accordance with the FDA protocol.
Admitting Privileges Requirement
This bill would require a physician who uses an abortion-inducing drug to induce an abortion to either maintain admitting privileges at a local “qualified hospital,” or have a signed contract with a physician who agrees to provide care during emergency complications. The physician who provides emergency care must have active admitting privileges at a local qualified hospital.
The bill defines “qualified hospital” to mean “a hospital that may lawfully enter into a written transfer agreement under section 3702.303 of the Revised Code.
The bill does not define “local.”
Physician Reporting Requirement
The bill would require a physician to report adverse events to the state medical board and the FDA.
A violation of the law would be a fourth degree felony. A repeat violation would be a third degree felony.
The bill would not apply to a woman who obtains or possesses an abortion-inducing drug for the purpose of terminating her own pregnancy.