Ohio Abolition of Abortion (HB 565)
This law was last updated on Aug 5, 2019
HB 565 would ban all abortions in Ohio, with no exceptions for victims of rape or incest or to save a pregnant person’s life.
The bill would redefine “abortion” to mean:
“[…]the purposeful termination of a human pregnancy by any person, including the pregnant woman, with the intention of causing the death of an unborn human, by any method, including, but not limited to, chemical methods, medical methods, and surgical methods.”
The bill clarifies that this would not apply to the unintentional termination of a pregnancy during a surgical, chemical, or medical procedure performed by a medical practitioner.
The bill defines “unborn human” to mean “an individual organism of the species homo sapiens from fertilization until live birth.”
The bill would include “unborn human” in the definition of “person” in the Ohio criminal code.
This would allow criminal charges, including murder charges punishable by life imprisonment or even the death penalty, against a physician who performs an abortion, or a pregnant person who obtains such an abortion.
The bill specifies that any person, including the pregnant person who obtains an abortion, would not be subject to criminal or civil penalties, if the person does any of the following regarding the abortion:
- Makes a report;
- Provides information during an investigation; or
- Participates in a hearing.
This exception would not apply to any medical practitioner who promotes, provides, or procures an abortion.