Missouri Abortion Ban for Sex Selection and Genetic Abnormalities Act of 2016 (HB 1815)
This law was last updated on Jun 28, 2016
HB 1815 would prohibit a physician from performing or attempting to perform an abortion with the knowledge that the pregnant woman was seeking the abortion on the account of the sex of the “unborn child” or if the “unborn child” has been diagnosed with either Down Syndrome or a potential for Down Syndrome.
The bill provides that a person who violates this provisions commits a Class A misdemeanor unless the person has previously pled guilty to or been convicted of a violation of the act, in which case the person is guilty of a class D felony. The bill further states that a physician who violates the provision may have his or her license suspended or revoked, and that a pregnant woman may not be prosecuted under the law or for conspiracy to violate the law.
A cause of injunctive relief against a physician or anyone else who knowingly violates this provision may be maintained by the woman upon whom the abortion was performed. Any physician or other person who knowingly violates the terms of the injunction would be subject to civil contempt at least $1,000.
Sex-selection abortions are not a widespread problem in the United States. However, anti-choice activists cite three studies documenting the use of sex-selection abortion primarily among a small number of immigrant women. The National Asian Pacific American Women’s Forum notes that a ban similar to the proposed Missouri ban “targets and thus limits reproductive health access for Asian American & Pacific Islander women, who anti-choicers say are the ones guilty of this abortion practice. We know the real solution to ending the preference for sons in some families is getting to the root of the problem: gender inequity. If lawmakers truly want to help us, we call on them to promote equal pay, access to education, health equity, and ending violence against women.”
Similar to HB 439, which failed to pass in 2015.
Similar to HB 1585, which failed to pass in 2014.
Similar to HB 386, which failed to pass in 2013.