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Michigan Forced Ultrasound Bill (HB 4187)

This law was last updated on Jan 17, 2014




HB 4187


Failed to Pass


Feb 6, 2013


Co-sponsors: 23
Primary Sponsors: 1
Total Sponsors: 24


Forced Ultrasound

Full Bill Text

HB 4187 would have amended Michigan’s informed consent statute (Mich. Comp. Law § 333.17014 and § 333.17015) to require a physician to perform an ultrasound at least two hours before an abortion.

The bill would have also required the physician to do the following:
(1) ensure that the ultrasound screen is turned toward the patient to enable her to easily view the ultrasound image;
(2) inform the patient that the image of the fetus is visible and that she may view the image if she desires;
(3) provide the patient with an opportunity to hear or decline to hear the fetal heartbeat; and
(4) offer to provide the patient a verbal explanation of the ultrasound images.

The bill states that the physician must use “the most technologically advanced ultrasound equipment available.” This would likely have required the use of transvaginal ultrasounds at the early stages of pregnancy and the use of 3-D ultrasound equipment at later stages of pregnancy.

The bill states that a woman can choose not to view the images; but since the bill also states that the ultrasound screen must be turned toward the patient, the only way a woman could have avoided viewing the images would have been for the woman to close her eyes.

The bill contains an exception for abortions performed in cases of medical emergencies. The bill defines “medical emergency” as a condition that so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant woman as to necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.


The bill failed to come up for a vote in the house. (Source.)