Michigan Bill Requiring Fetal Heartbeat Determination Prior to an Abortion (SB 327)
This law was last updated on May 18, 2019
SB 327 would require that an abortion provider determine whether evidence of a fetal heartbeat can be detected using “standard medical practice” prior to performing an abortion, except when a medical emergency exists.
The bill would not prohibit the performance of an abortion once a fetal heartbeat is detected.
If an abortion is performed without determining whether a fetal heartbeat can be detected, the abortion provider would be required to note in the patient’s medical record the specific nature of the medical emergency that existed.
The bill would not require the use of an intravaginal diagnostic procedure.
If a fetal heartbeat is detected, the abortion provider would be required to offer the pregnant individual the option of hearing or seeing the evidence of the fetal heartbeat. If a fetal heartbeat is not detected, the physician would be required to do the following, as applicable:
- inform the pregnant individual of the probability of maintaining the pregnancy versus experiencing a miscarriage;
- advise the pregnant individual of the physician’s recommendation to immediately perform an additional diagnostic procedure that may detect a fetal heartbeat or to delay until a later date performing a diagnostic procedure to determine if the fetus is physically developing;
- advise the pregnant individual that a procedure to remove a fetus that has died is not considered an abortion and inform them of the risks and benefits of different means of terminating the pregnancy.
The bill would require the pregnant individual to certify whether or not they were offered to view or decline to view an ultrasound image, as well as to certify whether or not a fetal heartbeat was detected.
The bill would also amend the definition of abortion to exclude “any medical treatment of a woman who is experiencing a miscarriage or has been diagnosed with an extrauterine pregnancy.”
5/16/19 – Introduced; referred to senate committee on health policy and human services.